Understanding All About Hair Loss

Every person wants to have dense healthy hair. Loss of hair affects you look, confidence and poise in a bad way, you start looking older than your age if you are suffering from hair fall/hair loss. Hair loss problem is growing rapidly amongst the youth. Today, on the Internet, millions of people search on Hair loss causes, hair transplant treatment, and home remedies and these shows that hair fall is becoming a serious problem in youth. Among all, hair transplantation is the best option to cure baldness. Hair transplant Surgery in Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Chandigarh, Bangalore, and Hyderabad are some key locations to get hair transplant done in India.

About 50 to 100 hair breaks down every day which is normal but if you sense that the hair fall is excessive then it is a matter of concern. There may be several reasons behind hair loss, infections, imbalance of hormones, lack of nutritious substances, side effects of medicines, negligence or lack of proper care of hair, the use of substandard soap and shampoo can be used.

Anatomy & Understanding the life cycle of hair in detail

The life cycle of the hair happens in phases, thus it is not a continuous process.

  • Anagen (Growth Phase) This is an initial stage where hair follicle actively produces the hair, growing hair of half to one cm in a month, this active phase lasts between two to six years. The more time the hair is in this phase they continue to grow. At the end of the anagen phase, the follicle goes into the catagen phase. Up to 85% of hair remains in this stage
  • Catagen (Transitional phase) this phase takes 2–3 weeks in which the hair gets converted into a club hair. When the part of the hair follicle in contact with the lower portion of the hair shrinks to about 1/6th of the normal length and detaches itself from the nourishment of the blood supply.  The hair stops growing at this stage but the hair is not shed. During this stage, the follicle is being reabsorbed and when the club hair is completely formed the hair follicle then enters the resting phase.
  • Telogen (Resting phase) after a period of 2 to 4 months where the hair goes in rest mode, each follicle continue receding and new hair begins the growth phase. Exogen is part of resting phase only where old hair begins to fall and new hair continues to grow while pushing the preceding hair strand.Once telogen phase completes, anagen phase is restarted. Up to 15% of hair remains in this stage.

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Types of alopecia

  • Alopecia Areata is a common autoimmune disease that results in the loss of hair from the scalp and elsewhere on the body. It happens because the hair cells are misunderstood as foreign bodies and the immune system attacks hair follicle. It usually starts with one or more small, round, non-scarring smooth patches. And there is no cure to hair fall that happens due to this reason. Alopecia totalis is a more advanced form of alopecia areata which results in total loss of all hair on the scalp.
  • Involutional alopecia is a natural condition in which the hair recedes with age. That is the more of hair follicles go into the resting phase, while other hairs become shorter and less in number.
  • Androgenic Alopecia: Baldness is usually caused by genetic male tendencies called Androgenic Alopecia. Testosterone hormone found in men turns into dihydrotestosterone, which is responsible for only hair front hair. The level of this hormone increases with which the roots of the hair in front of the head weaken and it starts to fall and break.
  • Alopecia Universalis: Hair falls due to Trichotillomania which a psychological disorder that causes people to impulsively pull out their hair from the scalp, brows, or elsewhere.
  • Scarring alopecia result in permanent loss of hair because the scalp is scarred and the hair root is damaged. Skin disorders; often result in scars that destroy the ability of the hair to regenerate. Over styling, heat treatments, too tight hair styles or pulling hair can also result in permanent hair loss.

Reasons for hair loss in detail:

  1. Genetics/ hereditary
    Androgenic Alopecia is a hereditary condition that affects both men and women. Men with this state can begin suffering hair loss in their teens. Male pattern baldness is receding hairline from the frontal scalp. Women with this condition have the small patches. Women experience a general thinning over the entire scalp, with the most extensive hair loss at the crown.

  2. Nutrition
    Like other body parts, our scalp needs proper nutrition to have healthy and full head hair. Protein, mineral vitamins, food containing biotin such as almonds, peanuts, cashews, linseed, mustard, and mote should be consumed in maximum quantities for the development of air. Drink plenty of water to keep your body supple and hydrated.

  3. Telogen effluvium is a phase where a large number of the hair enters the telogen phase of the hair life cycle that results in shedding and thinning of the hair though this a  temporary phase.  This problem can occur after the pregnancy, after a major operation, due to stress, excess weight loss or more labour. It can also be the side-effect of a medication such as painkillers or stress reductionists.
  4. Anagen Effluvium
    This hair loss is generally caused by intake of specific medication or chemicals used to treat cancer like a disease. It results in patchy hair loss to total hair loss. The great news is that when you stop consuming these chemicals the hair starts growing back normally.
  5. Lifestyle
    Not taking care of the scalp properly, excessive exposure to sunlight and dust. Excessive stress, continuous use of chemical-based production increases the problem of hair loss. Such as changing shampoo and oil repeatedly. Apart from this the headache of the head and the massage of the oil also cause hair fall.

  6. Hormonal Changes
    The hair loss can occur due to abnormal changes in hormones in the body. The lack of thyroid hormone in women, which is called Hypothyroidism, causes hair loss. In cases of fatigue, weight increase, depression, weakness and skin dryness, women should get the blood test (Thyroid Profile) according to the doctor's advice. Anaemia, Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome, Dandruff, Chemotherapy and Auto Immune Disorder are also some of the causes that lead to hair loss.

To prevent untimely fall/hair loss of hair, it is important to find out which of the reasons given above are causing your hair to fall further. It is difficult to stop hair loss until the root cause is treated. You can prevent hair loss by treating the root cause of having a hair loss and using the following solutions given below.

  • Proper Diet Intake
  • Cosmetic Treatments
  • Oral medications
  • LED therapy
  • Surgical hair Transplantation
  • A person suffering from Auto Immune Disorder should intake 1 tablespoon of Ashwagandha powder twice a day.
  • Reduce application of chemicals on scalp

Source: http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/hair-loss/understanding-hair-loss-basics