A hernia usually occurs when an organ pushes through an organ or a muscle in the abdominal wall. It is not uncommon for walls of the abdomen to be weak although a hernia can affect other parts of the body like the belly button, thigh, and groin region.
There are different types of a hernia, and all of them are not particularly life-threatening unless badly managed. In fact, some of them may require surgery before they can be overcome. A hernia is caused by weakness of the muscles. There are quite some factors responsible for muscle-weakening and some of them are constipation, persistent coughing, injury, surgical operation, and pregnancy.
Types of a hernia
Here are some of the most common types of a hernia.
- An inguinal hernia: an Inguinal hernia affects more men than women. They are the most popular type of a hernia. In fact, inguinal hernia accounts for seven out of ten hernia cases. This type of a hernia occurs when the lower abdominal walls are ruptured.
- A hiatal hernia: It doesn't affect the youths and young. It is peculiar to people above fifty years of age. It happens when the stomach protrudes to the diaphragm (an organ that helps in getting air into the lungs).
- An umbilical hernia: This is pretty much peculiar to babies. It affects children under 6 months of age. This type of a hernia can go away on its own because the abdominal walls become stronger as the child grows older.
- An incisional hernia: Just as the name implies, an Incisional hernia occurs when the intestines protrude through incisions gotten during an operation or surgery.
How can a hernia be cured?
Treatment of a hernia is relative. It largely depends on the symptoms you feel or how big the hernia is. However, there are a couple of options available for treatment of a hernia. The doctor may advise certain lifestyle changes such as an alteration to your eating pattern or abstinence from alcohol and smoking. If the case is a trivial one, the doctor may prescribe some drugs or even recommend surgery.
Ways to treat a hernia without surgery
Apart from tablets and surgery, there is some natural hernia treatment available to people suffering from a hernia. Here is a list of the top seven ways to treat a hernia without a surgery.
- Do stomach exercises: Stomach exercises are a way of building strength around the walls of the stomach. However, you must carry your doctor and physical therapist along because if the wrong type of exercises is done, the hernia may protrude more.
- Avoid lifting or pulling heavy items: a Hernia occurs when muscles are strained. Strained muscles are caused by extensions which may also cause muscles to be weak. Try not to pull heavy items to avoid straining the muscles.
- Eat clean and healthy food: it is important to eat lots of fruits. Changes in your diet can help you get over a hernia, especially hiatal hernia. Ensure you always eat something light and try to rest properly after eating for effective digestion. Also, it is important not to eat acidic foods.
- Give up cigarette and smoking: You cannot talk about treating hernia while you are still a chain smoker. In fact, smoking not only decreases your chances of recovery from a hernia, but it also affects other vital organs in the body such as the lungs and kidney.
- Avoid straining during urination: When passing out urine, try not to force it out as this could complicate things. The intestinal walls are usually disturbed during urination. So, ensure you do it gently.
- Medications: Some drugs help to reduce stomach acids. These drugs are particularly useful for effective relief from the symptoms of a hiatal hernia.
- Yoga: Yoga can not completely cure hernia once a gap is created. However, yoga postures can help you avoid the recurrence of hernia. Yoga strengthens your abdominal muscles and improves body awareness.
If you feel any pain or you observe a bulge in your stomach, kindly visit a doctor. Surgery can only be done when a hernia is very big, or the situation is getting out of hands.